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Recently, a number of institutions have issued policies detailing their support for Open Access. These OA policies set forth guidelines for this support. Typically, these policies revolve around an institutional repository that collects all of the work produced at that institution using a Green OA model.
An OA policy may:
declare support for OA publishing.
require authors to deposit their works in the institutional repository.
limit publishing choices because of that requirement.
provide means of funding fee-based OA.
clarify which rights will remain with the author, which will be transferred to the publisher, and which will belong to the institution.
How are other institutions responding? (An incomplete list)
This incomplete list of Open Access policies from Vassar's peer institutions, and others with unique policies, is intended to provide examples. Many of the policies are based at least in part on a template of model policy language from Harvard. MIT, Duke, Stanford and many other institutions too numerous to list have also adopted open access policies.
“The goal of university research is the creation, dissemination, and preservation of knowledge. At Harvard, where so much of our research is of global significance, we have an essential responsibility to distribute the fruits of our scholarship as widely as possible.” -Steven E. Hyman, Provost of Harvard University
"The Faculty of Amherst College is committed to disseminating the fruits of its research and scholarship as widely as possible. In keeping with that commitment, the Faculty adopts the following policy: Each Faculty member grants to Amherst College permission to make available his or her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles."
"The purpose of the Open Access Policy is to ensure that Wellesley College faculty retain by default their rights including the right to keep copies of their publications for non-commercial use on a web server maintained by Library & Technology Services (LTS), allowing for wider dissemination and visibility of their work."
"Open Access Policies have a philosophical and a practical component. Philosophically, they express the conviction that the wide dissemination of scholarly knowledge is a good in itself. Practically, they are rooted in three considerations: first, the acknowledgement that the current system of dissemination - in which for-profit journals charge rapidly increasing access fees to individuals or institutions - presents serious problems in terms of access to scholarship; second, the ironic realization that significant barriers to access are increasing at a time when the Internet makes wide dissemination easier and cheaper than ever before; and finally, the recognition that increased access to faculty production is good for faculty and their institutions, both in terms of public relations and the advancement of knowledge and scholarship."
"Making our scholarship available in an openly accessible repository enhances the visibility and impact of our research, creating new avenues for the dissemination of your scholarship in a digital and highly interdisciplinary environment."