Avoid tokenism. Tokenism occurs when someone decides to include a scholar from an underrepresented group just because they belong to that group, rather than because of that scholars' unique contribution.
Appreciate that each individual has a unique background, life experiences, and perspectives. Challenge the misconception that an individual who belongs to a given group (including underrepresented groups) represents or speaks for that group as a whole.
Scholars from underrepresented groups can speak to any topic. While some topics may relate directly to a group identity that they share, others may not.
Cite Black Authors Database: A growing database of peer-reviewed and published work by Black academic authors.
Reflect Reality - Women Expert Sources:
A list of resources for finding women experts in various disciplines and professions. Can also search by geographic regions.
Diverse Sources: Database of experts in science, health, and the environment from underrepresented groups.
Diverse Sources Database (NPR): Experts from racial and ethnic groups underrepresented in the media. Included in National Public Radio's (NPR) training materials.
Inclusive citation is an approach to citing the intellectual and creative work of individuals and groups with a diversity of backgrounds, experiences, and perspectives. Inclusive citation works to counteract dominant power structures that have historically privileged certain groups, while disadvantaging others.
As you start your research and throughout your research process, consider:
The expression Nothing about us, without us gained popularity in the 1990's when used by the disability rights movement advocating for representation in policy making, and has since been used more widely by groups and communities advocating for human rights and social justice. Pictured here, are climate activists from 350.org protesting at the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in 2021.
How does this expression converge with your research?
As you develop strategies for finding sources, consider:
As you review your citations, consider the authors you used in your research. Do you know what their relationship to the topic is? Does the collection of authors represent a range of voices and perspectives that are relevant to the topic? Reflecting on this might include:
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License. This page was adapted from Rowen University Library's Inclusive Citation Guide, WPI Library's Identifying Underrepresented Voices in Research Guide, USU Libraries' MMU Scholarship guide and TU Dublin Library Services' Building Multi-Stories: A Guide to Inclusive Referencing resource. All guides have Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial licenses. Many thanks to those guides' creators for their intellectual and creative labor, and their permission to reuse their content.