First mention of students of color: Minutes of the Executive Committee of the Board of Trustees, 1865 September 18
First African American student: Anita Hemmings, VC 1897 (admitted as white)
First African American students: Beatrix McCleary Hamburg, VC1944; Camille Cottrell, VC 1945-4; and June Jackson Christmas, VC 1945-4
First Latina student: Amelia Agostini, VC 1922
First Black faculty member: Sterling Brown, visiting professor with the English Department (1945, 1948)
First permanent Black faculty member: Henrietta T. Smith, Professor with the Psychology Department (1954-1990)
"A Place at the Table." Vassar Quarterly (Winter 2011).
Christmas, June Jackson. "A Historical Overview: The Black Experience at Vassar." Vassar Quarterly (Spring 1988): 3-15.
Kuno, Akiko. Unexpected Destinations: The Poignant Story of Japan's First Vassar Graduate. Tokyo: Kodansha International, 1993.
Perkins, Linda M. "The African American Female Elite:The Early History of African American Women in the Seven Sister Colleges, 1880-1960." Harvard Educational Review (Winter 1997): 718-756.
Randolph, Liz. "AAAVC Triennial 2015: Reflections on Activism." Vassar Quarterly (Spring/Summer 2015).
Sim, Jillian. "Fading to White." American Heritage (Feb/March 1999).
Tanabe, Karen. The Gilded Years: A Novel. New York: Washington Square Press, 2016. [fictionalized account of Anita Hemmings' experiences while passing as white in order to attend Vassar College]
Panel discussion during the 30th Anniversary of African American Alumnae/i of Vassar College (AAAVC), 12 April 2015. Panelists: Maybelle Bennett (VC 1970), Richard Roberts (VC 1974), Karen Clopton (VC 1980), Cleon Edwards (VC 1990), and Kleaver Cruz (VC 2011). Moderator: Jasmine Harris-LaMothe (VC 2005). https://youtu.be/0BUyLgWsHz8
Video interviews with several Vassar alums by The HistoryMakers, including Dr. June Jackson Christmas (VC 1945-4), Sherrilyn Ifill (VC 1984), Ann Dibble Jordan (VC 1955), Paula Madison (VC 1974), and Richard W. Roberts (VC 1974) and Monica Stewart (VC1975): http://www.thehistorymakers.org [only current members of the Vassar community can view interviews without a paid membership].